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Brazil: Lost in the rainforest | ¿Lo sabes?

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AMAZONIA

Amazonia is also called the Amazon Rainforest. It is the biggest ecosystem in Brazil and it is the biggest rainforest in the world. Amazonia is five million square kilometers. Sixty percent of the forest is in Brazil. The other 40% is in Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.

Amazonia has more species of plant and animal than any other rainforest. Ten percent of all animal species live in it. The Amazon River goes through the rainforest, which has thousands of trees, flowers, mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, insects and fish. Some of the trees are very tall – over 50 meters – and this makes the rainforest dark. The Amazon region is also very hot and wet all year. The temperature is about 27ºC and it gets about 2.7 meters of rain.

Amazonia is beautiful and colorful. It is also very important. It gives its people food and medicine. It also makes about 20% of the world’s oxygen. But many trees have been cut down. More than 20% of the rainforest has gone.